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首页> 《王牌斗地主测试》期刊 >本期导读>一种相干光时域反射计长度校准方法研究

一种相干光时域反射计长度校准方法研究

190    2019-09-29

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作者:郑祥亮1, 沈倩2, 孙权社1, 王恒飞1, 赵发财1

作者单位:1. 王牌斗地主电子癞子斗地主集团公司第四十一研究所, 山东 青岛 266555;
2. 青岛大学附属医院, 山东 青岛 265000


关键词:光纤环;相干光时域反射计;长度校准;光缆监测


摘要:

为满足相干光时域反射计(COTDR)在长距离通信状态监测中的长度校准需求,提出一种新型相干光时域反射计长度校准方法。该方法是利用光在光纤环中不断循环的原理,基于该原理研制COTDR长度校准装置,该装置是利用函数发生器发出的脉冲频率和脉冲宽度来控制光开关的开断时间,最终实现光在光纤环路中传播时间的控制。如果在光纤环路中加入光纤放大器,可以实现不同长度光纤链路的模拟,最终实现对相干光时域反射计长度的校准。实验结果表明:该装置中使用的光纤长度为150 km,光脉冲在光纤环路中最多能转7圈,因此该装置能够实现相干光时域反射计长度校准的最大范围为1050 km,其扩展不确定度为7.0 m,其中包含因子k为2。该方法不仅可以促进相干光时域反射计技术的发展,也为COTDR的长度校准提供思路。


Study on length calibration method of coherent optical time domain reflectometer
ZHENG Xiangliang1, SHEN Qian2, SUN Quanshe1, WANG Hengfei1, ZHAO Facai1
1. The 41st Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, Qingdao 266555, China;
2. Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 265000, China
Abstract: In order to meet the length calibration requirements of coherent optical time domain reflectometer (COTDR) in state monitoring of long-distance communication, a new coherent optical time domain reflectometer length calibration method was proposed. The method utilized the principle that light circulated continuously in the fiber ring. And based on the principle, the COTDR length calibration device was developed. The device used the pulse frequency and pulse width emitted by the function generator to control the breaking time of the optical switch. Thereby it could realize the control of the propagation time of the light in the fiber loop. If a fiber amplifier was added to the fiber loop, simulation of fiber links of different lengths could be realized. Finally, the length calibration of the coherent optical time domain reflectometer was achieved. The experimental results showed that the length of the fiber used in the device is 150 km, and the optical pulse could be rotated up to 7 times in the fiber loop. Therefore, the maximum range of the coherent optical time domain reflectometer length calibration was 1050 km. Its extended uncertainty was 7.0 m, and the containing factor was 2. This method could not only promote the development of coherent optical time domain reflectometry technology, but also provided a good idea for COTDR length calibration.
Keywords: fiber coil;coherent optical time domain reflectometer;length calibration;optical cable monitoring
2019, 45(9):45-48  收稿日期: 2019-04-10;收到修改稿日期: 2019-05-07
基金项目: 国防军工技术基础科研项目(JSJL2016210A003)
作者简介: 郑祥亮(1987-),男,山东肥城市人,工程师,硕士,主要从事光通信与光纤长度定标方面的研究
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